Vedic studies have a long history - perhaps longest in the world. They go back to the pre-historic period of the Brahamana - texts which tried to interpret the mantras of the Vedas, sometimes through rituals and sometimes through tracing the etymology of the words. This later method was adopted by Yaska in his famous work, the Nirukta. Of course, the commentaries of Sayana on all the Vedas stand apart from all the attempts to explain each and every mantra of them word by word. No other commentator could equal Sayana and yet during the last two hundred years, since the West discovered Sanskrit, no other branch of oriental learning has attracted the attention of scholars as much as the Vedic literature. Full length articles have been written on many words of the Vedas which have been rendered into European and modern Indian languages. We can find information about Vedic studies in the famous Vedic Bibliography by Prof. R.N. Dandekar.
In spite of such tremendous work on the Vedas, they still remain sealed books to a large extant. Of the few Vedic scholars who made attempts to unlock their mystery Pt. Madhusudan Ojha stood out. He created a history in the field of Vedic interpretation by pointing out how the oldest commentaries on the Vedas, viz. the Brahamana texts contain the key to the unlocking of the mystery of the Vedic ethos.
Pt. Ojha pointed out that there is complete harmony between the Vedas, Brahamanas, Upnishads and the Gita. These texts are complementary to each other rather than contradictory, as some of the scholars have made us to understand. The arthavada portion of the Brahamana Texts not only helps in understanding the technical terms but also justifies the Vedic statements purely on cause and effect basis, thus laying the foundation of scientific investigation into mysteries of the Vedas. The Vedic view is based on holistic approach synthesizing action and knowledge, action leading to prosperity and knowledge leading to peace.
Pt. Ojha explained that like the literature on various elements of the science, eg. magnetism, light, sound etc., the four Vedas, Rk, Yaju, Sama and Atharva describe the process of creativity, sustenance and destruction of the natural elements synonymous with these names. Agni and Soma, Bahm and Maya or matter and energy are the two fundamental entities which make Yajna possible and create as well as sustain the world. In fact, in spite of what has been accomplished by Pt. Madhusudan Ojha and his disciples, much remains to be done by scholars on the line shown by him.
Rajasthan Patrika took up the work some 25 years back looking to the importance of the project. It has now established a Research Institute in the name of Pt. Ojha to carry on the work with the help of all scholars who feel interested. A brief synopsis of what we have done so far and what we propose to do in future are here. Here is an invitation to scholars all over the world to join us in this venture which aims at the wellness of all without any distinction of caste, creed of colour. The Vedas belong to world heritage and have been recognized as such by UNESCO. They have an inherent capacity to unite mankind as one family-Vasudhaiva- Kutumbkum. Let us come together and drink the Soma of immortality flowing from the Vedic spring.
– Prof. (Dr.) Gulab Kothari